Juvenile diabetes is a disorder in which the pancreas doesn’t produce the insulin the body needs to regulate blood-sugar levels. Without insulin, the body cannot convert sugar from food into energy, so sugar stays in the blood and can damage other organ
The incidence of diabetes among very young children will double from 2005 levels in a little over a decade if present trends continue, a new study shows.
The prediction is based on type 1 diabetes trends in Europe, but experts say there is every reason to believe that the U.S. will see a similar dramatic increase in the disease.
Melinda Sothern of the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans documented previously unknown markers for obesity, heart disease and diabetes -- collectively called Metabolic Syndrome -- in very young children.
Metaboilic Syndrome involves risk factors for diabetes such as high blood pressure, obesity and decreased high-density lipoprotein, known as the "good" cholesterol.
Data was collected on 118 healthy children, ages 7-9, enrolled in an ongoing study.
The study found a child's current fat weight is the strongest predictor for poor insulin sensitivity, which is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Low-density lipoprotein, the "bad" cholesterol, was also strongly associated with insulin sensitivity in the prediction model.
The study found that fat in liver cells and in skeletal -- leg -- muscle cells also predict poor insulin sensitivity and high insulin resistance, pre-diabetes, along with an impaired fat-burning ability in the muscles.
Source : UPI.com